# Example 11 - Chapter 3 Class 12 Matrices (Term 1)

Last updated at Aug. 16, 2021 by Teachoo

Last updated at Aug. 16, 2021 by Teachoo

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Example 11 (i) Two farmers Ramkishan and Gurcharan Singh cultivates only three varieties of rice namely Basmati, Permal and Naura. The sale (in Rupees) of these varieties of rice by both the farmers in the month of September and October are given by the following matrices A and B. September Sales (in Rupees) Basmati Permal Naura A = [■8(10,000&20,000&30,000@50,000&30,000&10,000)] October Sales (in Rupees) Basmati Permal Naura B = [■8(5000&10,000&6000@20,000&10,000&10,000)] (i) Find the combined sales in September and October for each farmer in each variety. Guracharan Singh Guracharan Singh Combined sales in September and October will be A + B A + B = [■8(10,000&20,000&30,000@50,000&30,000&10,000)] + [■8(5000&10,000&6000@20,000&10,000&10,000)] = [■8(10000+5000&20000+10000&30000+6000@50000+20000&30000+ 10,000&10000+10000)] = [■8(15,000&30,000&36,000@70,000&40,000&20,000)] Hence, Total Sales = [■8(15,000&30,000&36,000@70,000&40,000&20,000)] Guracharan singh Example 11 (ii) Two farmers Ramkishan and Gurcharan Singh cultivates only three varieties of rice namely Basmati, Permal and Naura. The sale (in Rupees) of these varieties of rice by both the farmers in the month of September and October are given by the following matrices A and B. September Sales (in Rupees) Basmati Permal Naura A = [■8(10,000&20,000&30,000@50,000&30,000&10,000)] October Sales (in Rupees) Basmati Permal Naura B = [■8(5000&10,000&6000@20,000&10,000&10,000)] (ii) Find the decrease in sales from September to October. Decrease in sales from September to October will be A – B A – B = [■8(10,000&20,000&30,000@50,000&30,000&10,000)] – [■8(5000&10,000&6000@20,000&10,000&10,000)] = [■8(10000−5000&20000−10000&30000−6000@50000−20000&30000−10,000&10000−10000)] = [■8(5000&10,000&24,000@30,000&20,000&0)] Hence, Decrease in sales from September to October = [■8(5000&10,000&24,000@30,000&20,000&0)] Example 11 (iii) Two farmers Ramkishan and Gurcharan Singh cultivates only three varieties of rice namely Basmati, Permal and Naura. The sale (in Rupees) of these varieties of rice by both the farmers in the month of September and October are given by the following matrices A and B. September Sales (in Rupees) Basmati Permal Naura A = [■8(10,000&20,000&30,000@50,000&30,000&10,000)] October Sales (in Rupees) Basmati Permal Naura B = [■8(5000&10,000&6000@20,000&10,000&10,000)] (iii) If both farmers receive 2% profit on gross sales, compute the profit for each farmer and for each variety sold in October. Profit = 2% × (Sales on October) = 2/100 × B = 0.02 × B = 0.02 × [■8(5000&10,000&6000@20,000&10,000&10,000)] = [■8(0.02×5000&0.02×10,000&0.02×6000@0.02×20,000&0.02×10,000&0.02×10,000)] = [■8(100&200&120@400&200&200)] Hence, Profit = [■8(100& 200& 120@400& 200& 200)] Hence, Ramkishan receives Rs 100 profit on sale of Basmati rice , Rs 200 profit on sale of Permal & Rs 120 profit in the sale of Naura in the month of October Hence, Gurcharan Singh receives Rs 400 profit on sale of Basmati rice , Rs 200 profit on sale of Permal & Rs 200 profit in the sale of Naura in the month of October

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Example 23 Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams

Example 24 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams

Example 25 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams

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Example 27 Important

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Chapter 3 Class 12 Matrices (Term 1)

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 10 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.